Bibliography


Go to Locations Within the Bibliography

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Return to Document


A -

Adam, John A. 1993. Virtual Reality Is for Real. IEEE Spectrum 30, 10 (October): 22-29.

Adam, John A. 1994. Technology 1994: Medical Electronics. IEEE Spectrum 31, 1 (January): 70-73.

Addison, Rita. 1995. DETOUR: Brain Deconstruction Ahead. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 1-3.

Adler, Tina. 1994. Operating on Patients from Afar. Science News: The Weekly News Magazine of Science 146, 17 (October 22): 266-267.

Alexander, Joanna, Jeff Close, Janet Galore, and Mark Long. 1995. Welcome to the Next Level: VR Goes Mass Market in 1995. VR World 3, 3 (May/June): 17-21.

Alexander, III, Eben. 1995. Neurosurgical Aspects of Intraoperative MRI. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Anogianakis, G., M. Apostolakis, G. F. A. Harding, K. Krotopoulou, G. Nendidis, M. Psaltikidou, P. Spyrakis, D. Terpou, and A. Tsakalidis. 1995. MAGNOBRAIN: Integrating Radiological, Anatomical, and Electrophysiological Information about the Brain for Source Localization. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 4-14.

B -

B., G. 1994. Fortune Checks out 25 Cool Companies for Products, Ideas, and Investments: High Techsplanations. Fortune, July 11. (Reprint)

Babbitt, Bettina A. 1995. Decision Support Systems and Surgical Training in a VRE (Northrop/Grumman). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Bailey, R. W., A. L. Imbmbo, and K. A. Zucker. 1991. Establishment of a Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Training Program. The American Surgeon 57, 4: 231-36.

Balch, David C. 1995. Telemedicine in Rural North Carolina. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 15-20.

Barfield, Woodrow and Claudia Hendrix. 1995. Factors Affecting Presence and Performance in Virtual Environments. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 21-28.

Bass, Brad. 1995. Iowa Project to Test Fed Service Delivery. Federal Computer Week, 23 January, pp. 22 and 25.

Bauer, W., H.J. Bullinger, A. Hinkenjann, and O. Riedel. 1995. Planning of Orthopaedic Surgery in Virtual Environments by the Example of Osteotomy Operations. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 29-36.

Bauer, Wilhelm, Ralf Breining, and Oliver Riedel. 1995. Using a Dataglove for the Ergonomic Assessment of Instruments in Endoscopy. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 37-44.

Becker, Steven I. 1995. A Comparative Study of 164 Bilateral Inguinal Hernias with the Use of 3D VR Laparoscopic Technique. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Birkett, Desmond H. 1995. 3D Surgery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Black, Wendi E. 1994. Virtual Reality: I'm Pedaling as Fast as I Can. Popular Science 245, 4 (October): 43.

Black, Peter. 1995. Brain Tumor Surgery Using Three-Dimensional Reconstruction and VR Projection. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Blumenfeld, S. M. 1995. Novel Imaging for Novel Therapy. Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 45-47.

Bowman, Duane K. 1995. International Survey: Virtual-Environment Research. IEEE Computer, (June): 56-65.

Brecht, Robert. 1995. Show Report: Telemedicine 2000 Highlights the State of the Art in Telemedicine. Healthcare Telecom Report: The Newsletter of Communications and Information Systems Solutions (Germantown, MD) 3, 12 (June 5): 8.

Breen, Jr., Paul, Georges G. Grinstein, David W. Mizell, Richard M. Satava, Bradford Smith, Michael M. Stephens, and David Zeltzer. 1992. Real Virtual Environment Applications Now. In Visualization '92. Los Alamitos, CA: IEE Computer Society Press. pp. 375-79.

Brennan, John P. and Jais A. Brennan. 1994. Virtual Reality in the Delivery Room of the Future. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 52-54.

Brennan, John P. and Jais A. Brennan. 1995. Clinical Applications of a High-Performance Computing System for Visualizing and Monitoring Human Labor and Birth. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp.48-52.

Brown, Jerry M. 1994. Tri-Dimensional Vision: An Intelligence Officers Perspective. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 101-03.

Buckert-Donelson, Angela. 1995. Heads Up Projects: Supplier of Health Care Equipment Adopts VR. VR World 3, 3 (May/June): 4.

Buckert-Donelson, Angela. 1995. Heads Up Projects: Disabled Learn to Use Public Transport with VR. VR World 3, 3 (May/June): 4-5.

Buckert-Donelson, Angela. 1995. Heads Up Products: Virtual Worlds Ease Dental Patients. VR World 3, 3 (May/June): 6.

Buckert-Donelson, Angela. 1995. Up and Coming: University Applied Physics Laboratory. VR World 3, 3 (May/June): 11.

Bullinger, H. J., H. P. Froschle, Oliver Riedel, and A. Rossler. 1995. Advanced Concepts for Distributed Rehabilitation. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 53-59.

Burdea, Grigore, Robert Goratowski, and Noshir Langrana. 1995. A Tactile Sensing Glove for Computerized Hand Diagnosis. Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 40-44.

Burdea, Grigore C., Robert Goratowski, and Noshir A. Langrana. 1995. Tactile and Force Sensing for Computerized Hand Diagnosis. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 60-69.

Return to Top of Bibliography

C -

CAE-Link Corporation. 1994. Simulation in the Training of Anesthesiology. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 147-65.

Carlbom, Ingrid et al. 1992. Modeling and Analysis of Empirical Data in Collaborative Environments. Communications of the ACM 35, 6 (June): 74-84.

Chinnock, Chris. 1995. VR Can Improve your Health. Byte 20, 5 (May): 26.

Christensen, Jens P. 1995. Telematics Applications Program: A Shift of Paradigm. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 70-71.

Cole, David M. 1995. Emergent Technologies from Human-Dolphin Interaction Research. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 72-78.

Collins, Jason. 1995. Louisiana Physician Gears Up for Expanded Tele-Obstetrics. Healthcare Telecom Report: The Newsletter of Communications and Information Systems Solutions (Germantown, MD) 3, 8 (April 10): 1-2.

Cruz-Neira, Carolina, Daniel J. Sandin, Thomas A. DeFanti, Robert V. Kenyon, and John C. Hart. 1992. The CAVE: Audio Visual Experience Automatic Virtual Environment. Communications of the ACM 35, 6 (June): 64-72.

Cutting, Court, Russell H. Taylor, Deljou Khorramabadi, and David Larose. 1994. Use of a Robotic Vision System for Precision Execution of Craniofacial Surgical Procedures. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 27-28.

Return to Top of Bibliography

D -

Daane, S., P. Constantinou, and G. Hesselroth. 1995. A $100 Surgical Simulator for the IBM PC. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 79-80.

DeCarlo, Douglas, Jonathan Kaye, Dimitri Metaxas, John R. Clarke, Bonnie Webber, and Norm Badler. 1995. Integrating Anatomy and Physiology for Behavior Modeling. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 81-87.

Delp, S., P. Loan, M. Hoy, F. Zajac, E. Topp, and J. Rosen. 1990. An Interactive Graphics-Based Model of the Lower Extremity to Study Orthopaedic Surgical Procedures. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 37, 8 (August): 757-67.

DiChristine, Mariette et al. 1994. 7th Annual Best of What's New: Digital Soldier. Popular Science 245, 6 (December): 73.

DiGioia III, Anthony M., Branislav Jaramaz, Robert V. O'Toole III, David A. Simon, and Takeo Kanade. 1995. Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery in Orthopaedics: An Integrated Approach. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 88-90.

Dinsmore, Michael D., Noshir A. Langrana, and Grigore C. Burdea. 1994. Issues Related to Real-Time Simulation of a Virtual Knee Palpation. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 16-20.

Doyle, Werner K. 1995. Low End Augmented Reality in Neurosurgery (An Interactive Image-Directed System Used in Epilepsy Surgery). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Doyle, Werner K. 1995. Rudimentary Virtual Reality in Neurosurgery (Interactive Image-Directed Epilepsy Surgery). Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 46-53.

Doyle, Werner K. 1995. Interactive Image-Directed Epilepsy Surgery: Rudimentary Virtual Reality in Neurosurgery. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 91-100.

Dufresne, Craig R. 1995. Three-Dimensional Imaging in Craniofacial Surgery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Dumay, Adrie C. M. 1995. Triage Simulation in a Virtual Environment. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 101-11.

Durlach, Nathaniel I. and Anne S. Mavor. 1994. Virtual Reality: Scientific and Technical Challenges. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Dutton, Gail. 1994. Virtual Reality: Perpetual Pathway. Popular Science 245, 1 (July): 34.

Return to Top of Bibliography

E -

Edelson, Edward. 1995. Robo Surgeons. Popular Science 246, 4 (April): 62-65, 90.

Ellis, Stephen R. 1994. What Are Virtual Environments? IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 14, 1 (January): 17-22.

Enislidis, George. 1995. Semi-Immersive Environments in Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery -- Realizing the "Safety First" Principle. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Enislidis, George, O. Ploder, A. Wagner, M. Truppe, and R. Ewers. 1995. Augmented Reality in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 22-24.

Return to Top of Bibliography

F -

Feiner, Steven, Blair MacIntyre, and Doree Seligmann. 1993. Knowledge-Based Augmented Reality. Communications of the ACM 36, 7 (July): 53-62.

Ferder, Michael. 1995. Imaging Systems for Microvascular Surgery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Ferder, Michael, Ami Glicksman, and Berish Strauch. 1994. 3-D Imaging in Microneurovascular Surgery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 167-68.

Fischer, Harald, Bernhard Neisius, and Rainer Trapp. 1995. Tactile Feedback for Endoscopic Surgery. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 114-17.

Franken, Ralph, Subhas C. Gupta, Samuel R. Rod, Steven V. Thomas, John H. Barker, Moshe Kon, and Joseph C. Banis, Jr. 1995. Microsurgery Without a Microscope: Development of a Three-Dimensional On-Screen Microsurgery System (TOMS). Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 26-32.

Frenkel, Karen A. 1991. The Human Genome Project and Informatics. Communications of the ACM 34, 11 (November): 40-51.

Frohlich, Bernd, Wolfgang Krueger, Gernoth Grunst, and Gerold Wesche. 1995. The Responsive Workbench: A Virtual Working Environment. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 118-25.

Return to Top of Bibliography

G -

Garcia, Baxter J. and Robert J. Greenstein. 1994. Medical VR and the DeepVision (R) 3D Vision System. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 55-57.

Gleason, P. Langham, Ron Kikinis, William Wells, Gil Ettinger, Ferenc A. Jolesz, W. E. L. Grimson, Tomas Lozano-Perez, Steven White, and William Lorensen. 1994. Computer Image-Guided Surgery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 73-75.

Goble, John C., Ken Hinckley, Randy Pausch, John W. Snell, and Neal F. Kassell. 1995. Two-Handed Spatial Interface Tools for Neurosurgical Planning. IEEE Computer 28, 7 (July): 20-26.

Graham, David. 1994. Medicine: Motorized Snakes. Popular Science 245, 6 (December): 17.

Green, P. S., J. W. Hill, J. F. (Joel) Jensen, and A. Shah. 1995. Telepresence Surgery (at SRI). Menlo Park, CA: SRI International Med Tech Lab.

Greenleaf, Walter J. 1995. Rehabilitation, Ergonomics, and Disability Solutions Using Virtual Reality Technology. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 415-22.

Gupta, Subhas C., Scott A. Klein, John H. Barker, Ralph Franken, and Joseph C. Banis, Jr. 1995. Introduction of New Technology to Clinical Practice: A Guide for Assessment of New VR Applications. Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 16-20.

Return to Top of Bibliography

H -

Hann, Mike and Rod Hubbard. 1993. Molecular Visualization in Pharmaceutical Research. In VR93: Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference on Virtual Reality, London, April 1993. London: Meckler Ltd. pp. 122-25.

Health Data Management. 1994. Glossary: A Guide to Health Data Terms. Health Data Management 2, 10 (December): 78-89.

Health Data Management. 1994. Vendors: Telemedicine/Teleradiology. Health Data Management 2, 10 (December): 74.

Higgins, Gerald. 1995. TELEOSTM: An Authoring System for Virtual Reality Surgical Simulation (High Techsplanations). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Hodges, Larry F., Rob Kooper, Thomas C. Meyer, Barbara O. Rothbaum, Dan Opdyke, Johannes J. de Graaff, James S. Willford, and Max M. North. 1995. Virtual Environments for Treating the Fear of Heights. IEEE Computer 28, 7 (July): 27-34.

Hoffman, Helene M. 1995. Virtual Reality Meets Medical Education. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 130-36.

Hoppenstein, Reuben and David G. Burder. 1994. 3-D Hard Copy -- A Practical Solution. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 139-40.

Hunter, I. W., L. A. Jones, M. A. Sagar, T. D. Doukoglou, S. R. Lafontaine, P. G. Charette, G. D. Mallinson, and P. J. Hunter. 1993. A Teleoperated Microsurgical Robot and Associated Virtual Environment for Eye Surgery. Technical Report. Montreal: McGill University.

Return to Top of Bibliography

I - J

Jackson, Bernie G. and Louis B. Rosenberg. 1995. Force Feedback and Medical Simulation. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 147-51.

Johnson, Christopher R., Robert S. MacLeod, and Michael A. Matheson. 1993. Computational Medicine: Bioelectric Field Problems. IEEE Computer 26, 10 (October): 59-67.

Jolesz, Ferenc. 1995. Intraoperative Image Guidance. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Jones, Daniel B., Jerome D. Brewer, and Nathaniel J. Soper. 1995. Next-Generation 3D Videosystems May Improve Laparoscopic Task Performance. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 152-60.

Jones, Shaun B. 1995. Telepresence (U.S. Army Medical Corp., ARPA). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Return to Top of Bibliography

K -

Kahaner, David. 1994. Japanese Activities in Virtual Reality. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 14, 1 (January): 75-78.

Kaplan, Kenneth L. 1995. Hospital Systems of the Future. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Kaplan, Kenneth L., Ian W. Hunter, Nathaniel I. Durlach, Daniel L. Schodek, and David Rattner. 1995. A Virtual Environment for a Surgical Room of the Future. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 161-67.

Karron, Daniel B. 1994. The Spiderweb Algorithm for Extracting 3D Objects from Volume Data. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 172-93.

Keller, Paul E., Richard T. Kouzes, Lars J. Kangas, and Sherif Hashem. 1995. Transmission of Olfactory Information for Telemedicine. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 168-72.

Kennedy, Robert S. and Michael G. Lilienthal. 1994. Measurement and Control of Motion Sickness After Effects from Immersion in Virtual Reality. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 111-19.

Kijima, R., K. Shirakawa, M. Hirose, and K. Nihei. 1994. Virtual Sand Box: Development of an Application of Virtual Environment for Clinical Medicine. Presence 3, 1 (Winter): 45-59.

Kikinis, Ron. 1995. MR Guided Interventions. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Klein, Scott A. 1995. Technology Assessment: An Institutional Perspective. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Kleinwaks, Jeffrey M. 1994. Simulation and Training in Anesthesia. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. p. 72.

Kobayashi, Masahiro, Toyomi Fujino, Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Hiroaki Chiyokura, Kanehisa Enomoto, Kimihiko Shiohata, Yuichi Momose, Katsuyuki Kanbe, Katsuhiko Shinozaki, and Naohito Fuku. 1995. Virtual Surgery for Fracture of the Mandible. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 175-79.

Krieg, James C. 1994. 3D Tracking Technology in Medicine, Back to Basics. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 29-31.

Krueger, Myron W. 1993. Environmental Technology: Making the Real World Virtual. Communications of the ACM 36, 7 (July): 36-37.

Krueger, Myron W. 1995. Olfactory Stimuli in Virtual Reality Medical Training. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Krueger, Myron W. 1994. Olfactory Stimuli in Medical Virtual Reality Applications. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 32-33.

Krueger, Myron W. 1995. Olfactory Stimuli in Virtual Reality for Medical Applications. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 180-81.

Kruger, Wolfgang, Christian-A. Bohn, Bernd Frohlich, Heinrich Schuth, Wolfgang Strauss, and Gerold Wesche. 1995. The Responsive Workbench: A Virtual Work Environment. IEEE Computer 28, 7 (July): 42-48.

Krueger, Wolfgang and Bernd Froehlich. 1994. The Responsive Workbench. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 14, 3 (May): 12-15.

Krumenaker, Larry. 1994. Virtual Reality: Roll-Through Blueprints. Popular Science 244, 5 (May): 48.

Return to Top of Bibliography

L -

Lamson, Ralph J. 1994. Virtual Therapy of Anxiety Disorders. CyberEdge Journal 4, 2 (March/April): 1, 6-8.

Lander, Eric S., Robert Langridge, and Damian M. Saccocio. 1991. Mapping and Interpreting Biological Information. Communications of the ACM 34, 11 (November): 32-39.

Langreth, Robert. 1994. Virtual Reality: Head Mounted Distress. Popular Science 245, 5 (November): 49.

Langreth, Robert. 1995. Virtual Reality: Breakthrough Hand Controller. Popular Science 246, 1 (January): 45.

Lasko-Harvill, Ann, Chuck Blanchard, Jaron Lanier, and Dale McGrew. 1995. A Fully Immersive Cholecystectomy Simulation. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 182-86.

Laplant, Alice. 1995. A Virtual ER. Forbes ASAP, (June 6): 48-58.

Lateiner, Joshua S. 1995. Stereoscopic Volume Visualization and Manipulation. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Lateiner, Joshua S. 1994. Real-World Applications for Stereoscopic Volume Visualization and Manipulation. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 108-09.

Laurent, Christophe R., Dirk K. Ysebaert, Eddy Vanhoecke, and Robrecht H. Van Hee. 1995. The Use of a Holographic Projection System (HOPROS) in Stereo Endoscopic Surgery and Telesurgery: Advantages in Comparison to Shutter Glasses and Traditional Head Mounted Displays. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 187-90.

Lawren, Bill. 1995. Virtual Reality on a Thimble. OMNI, 17, 4 (January): 31.

Leger, Jeff. 1995. Design of Interactive Models (The MITRE Corporation). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Lieberman, Debra A. and Stephen J. Brown. 1995. Designing Interactive Video Games for Children's Health Education. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 1-3.

Lloyd, Anthony and Rick Rees. 1994. Simple Demonstrations of Tele-Diagnostics and Tele-Presence/Robotics. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 88-91.

Lowenberg, Richard. 1995. Telluride InfoZone: A Program of the Telluride Institute. Internet: http://infozone.telluride.co.us/InfoZone/InfoZone.

Lumsden, Charles J. 1995. CELLSIM: Virtual Cells for Research and Molecular Therapy Design. Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 6-10.

Return to Top of Bibliography

M -

Mabrey, Jay D. 1995. The Virtual Knee in Surgical Training. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Maddocks, J. A. 1994. Multi-TraxTM Motion Capture Systems for Real Time Location of Medical and Surgical Instruments in Interactive Training Environments. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 195-96.

Mann, R. W. 1985. Computer Aided Surgery. In Technology -- a Bridge to Independence: Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Conference on Rehabilitation Technology, June 24-28, 1985, Menphis, Tennessee. pp. 160-62.

Marcus, Beth. 1994. Touch Feedback in Surgery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 96-97.

Mattheus, Rudy. 1995. Global Information Society: Interaction with Information. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 423-32.

McDonald, John S., Louis B. Rosenberg, and Don Stredney. 1995. Virtual Reality Technology Applied to Anesthesiology. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 237-43.

McGuinness, Barry and John F. Meech. 1992. Human Factors in Virtual Worlds: (1) Information Structure and Representation. In IEE Colloquium on 'Using Virtual Worlds.' Digest No. 093. London, UK: IEE. pp.3/1-3.

Mecklenburg, Steven. 1995. Collaborative Medicine Comes to the High Plains via New Network. Healthcare Telecom Report: The Newsletter of Communications and Information Systems Solutions (Germantown, MD) 3, 8 (April 10): 3.

Mehl, Amy. 1995. Virtual Interface Therapy: Preliminary Experience. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Meier, George H. 1995. Technology Transfer and VR: What are the Forces Driving Medical Innovation? In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Mercurio, Phillip J., T. Todd Elvins, Stephen J. Young, Philip S. Cohen, Kevin R. Fall, and Mark H. Ellisman. 1992. The Distributed Laboratory: An Interactive Visualization Environment for Electron Microscopy and 3D Imaging. Communications of the ACM 35, 6 (June): 54-63.

Merril, Jonathan R. 1993. Surgery on the Cutting-Edge. Virtual Reality World, Nov/Dec. (Reprint)

Merril, Jonathan R., Glenn M. Preminger, Richard Babayan, Rita T. Roy, and Gregory L. Merril. 1994. Surgical Simulation Using Virtual Reality Technology: Design, Implementation, and Implications. In Surgical Technology International III. Oklahoma, OK: Oklahoma Press. pp. 53-60.

Merril, Jonathan R. 1994. Surgical Simulation Using Virtual Reality Technology. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 77-86.

Merril, Jonathan R., Gregory L. Merril, Rakesh Raju, Alan Millman, Dwight Meglan, Glenn M. Preminger, Rita Roy, and Richard Babayan. 1995. Photorealistic Interactive Three-Dimensional Graphics in Surgical Simulation. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 244-52.

Messmer, Ellen. 1995. Hospitals Look to Improve Care with Networked Expert Systems. Network World, (April 10): 14. Meyer, David M., Eric S. Meyer, Jonathan I. Meyer, and Stuart L. Meyer. 1995. The Virtual Hospital: Networks of Information Alleys, Streets, Boulevards. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 253-62.

Mitsutake, Naohiro, Kiyotaka Hoshiai, Hisako Igarashi, Yukiko Sugioka, Yasuhito Yamamoto, Kiyoyuki Yamazaki, Atsuya Yoshida, and Takami Yamaguchi. 1993. Open Sesame from Top of Your Head -- an Event Related Potential Based Interface for the Control of the Virtual Reality System. In Proceedings: 2nd IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Communication. NY: IEEE. pp. 292-95.

MusculoGraphics' Limb Trauma Silulator. Evanston, IL: MusculoGraphics Inc.

Return to Top of Bibliography

N -

Nakajima, Ryoji, Junji Nomura, Shogo Fukushima, and Takeo Ojika. 1994. A Relax/Refresh System Applying Virtual Reality. In Proceedings: 3rd IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Communication. NY: IEEE. pp. 145-50.

National Institute of Standards and Technology. 1994. Health Care and the NII. In Putting the Information Infrastructure to Work: Report of the Information Infrastructure Task Force Committee on Applications and Technology. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office. pp. 41-56.

Nnaji, Bartholomew O. 1995. Model and Reasoning for Robotic Burn Debridement. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Return to Top of Bibliography

O -

O'Toole III, Robert V., M. K. Blackwell, F. M. Morgan, L. Gregor, D. Shefman, Bernie G. Jackson, Anthony M. DiGioia III, and Takeo Kanade. 1995. Image Overlay for Surgical Enhancement and Telemedicine. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 263-70.

Ojha, Anand K. 1994. An Application of Virtual Reality in Rehabilitation. In Creative Technology Transfer -- A Global Affair: Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE Southeastcon '94. NY: IEEE. pp. 4-6.

Ornstein, Markus H. 1995. The Development of a Remotely Controlled Laparoscope Manipulator. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 263-70.

Oyama, Hiroshi, Tatsuo Miyazawa, Masaki Aono, Ryutarou Ohbuchi, and Susumu Suda. 1995. VR Medical Support System for Cancer Patients: Cancer Edutainment VR Theater (CEVRT) and Psycho-Onocological VR Therapy (POVRT). In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 433-38.

Oyama, Hiroshi, Kazuhiro Nomura, Tatsuo Miyazawa, Masaki Aono, Ryutarou Ohbuchi, and Susumu Suda. 1995. Surgical Simulation Support System. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 439-44.

Return to Top of Bibliography

P -

Pankratov, Michail M., Stanley M. Shapshay, Kirk Moffit, and Dale Osborn. 1994. Managing and Augmenting Endoscopic Imagery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 70-71.

Parsons, David M., James E. Cabral, Jr., Yongman Kim, and Mark S. Frank. 1995. A Multimedia Workstation for Regional Telemedicine. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 274-82.

Peine, William J., Dimitrios A. Kontarinis, and Robert D. Howe. 1995. A Tactile Sensing and Display System for Surgical Applications. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 283-88.

Pendleton, Edmond. 1995. Accurate 3-D Real Time Pointing (Spatial Positioning Systems, Inc.). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Power, Kevin. 1995. Iowa, Feds Strike Up Partnership for Pilot Network. Government Computer News (USA), 14, 6 March, 60.

Pratt, David R., Michael Zyda, and Kristen Kelleher. 1995. Virtual Reality: In the Mind of the Beholder. IEEE Computer 28, 7 (July): 17-19.

Preising, B., T. C. Hsia, and B. Mittelstadt. 1991. A Literature Review: Robots in Medicine. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 10, 2 (June): 13-22 and 71.

Pugnetti, Luigi, Laura Mendozzi, Achille Motta, Annamaria Cattaneo, Elena Barbieri, Aaron Brancotti, and Carlo L. Cazzullo. 1995. Immersive Virtual Reality to Assist Retraining of Acquired Cognitive Deficits: First Results with a Dedicated System. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 289-97.

Puzone, R., E. Cervone, E. Raposio, and L. Andreucci. 1995. Project and Development of a Virtual Reality Microsurgical Simulator. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 455-56.

Return to Top of Bibliography

Q - R

Razdan, Rikki. 1995. An Eye Slaved Pointing System for Assisted Communication (ISCAN, Inc.). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Reddy, Narender P., Gyeong-Jae Song, and Sujat Sukthankar. 1994. Tissue Squeezing and Cutting in the VR Environment. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 120-21.

Reino, Anthony J., William Lawson, Baxter J. Garcia, and Robert J. Greenstein. 1994. Three Dimensional Video Imaging for Endoscopic Sinus Surgery and Diagnosis. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 35-51.

Riess, Tom and Suzanne Weghorst. 1995. Augmented Reality in the Treatment of Parkinson's Disease. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 298-302.

Robb, Richard A. and Bruce Cameron. 1995. Virtual Reality Assisted Surgery Program. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 309-21.

Rod, Samuel R. 1995. Combined Stereoscopic Telepresence and Virtual Reality in Surgical Training. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Rosen, J., A. Lasko-Harvill, and Richard M. Satava. 1994. Virtual Reality and Surgery. In Computer Integrated Surgery. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Rosen, Joseph M. 1995. Using Telepresence to Distribute Virtual Reality for Surgical Care. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Rosen, Joseph M. 1994. Virtual Reality and Surgery: From Simulation to Performing Complex Procedures. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 98-100.

Rosenberg, Louis B. 1995. How to Assess the Quality of Force-Feedback Systems. Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 12-15.

Rosenberg, Louis B. 1994. The Virtual Laparoscopic Interface. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 136-38.

Rosenberg, Louis B. 1995. Human Interface Hardware for Virtual Laparoscopic Surgery. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 322-25.

Rothchild, Michael A. 1995. The Patient of the Month Program: A CD-ROM Based Multimedia Patient Management Simulation for Otolaryngologists. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Roux, Christian and Jean Louis Coatrieux. 1994. Visualization in Medicine: VIRTUAL Reality or ACTUAL Reality? In Proceedings: Visualization '94. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press. pp. 396-99.

Rovetta, Alberto, Remo Sala, Francesca Cosmi, Xia Wen, Dario Sabbadini, Santo Milanesi, Arianna Togno, Licinio Angelini, and Antal Bejczy. 1993. The First Experiment in the World of Robotic Telesurgery for Laparoscopy Carried Out by Means of Satellites Networks and Optical Fibres Networks on 7th July 1993. In Proceedings of the IECON '93, International Conference on Industrial Electronics, Control, and Instrumentation. NY: IEEE. pp. 51-56.

Rowley, T. W. 1991. Problems of Head Mounted Display. In IEE Colloquium on 'Real World Visualization -- Virtual World -- Virtual Reality.' London, U.K.: IEE. pp. 12/1-4.

Return to Top of Bibliography

S -

Sanders, J. H. and F. J. Tedesco. 1993. Telemedicine: Bringing Medical Care to Isolated Communities. Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia (May): 237-41.

Sandor, Ellen. 1994. Virtual Photography/Phscolograms: Autostereographic Medical Hard Copy. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 22-25.

Satava, Richard M. 1993. Surgery 2001: A Technologic Framework for the Future. Surgical Endoscopy 7: 111-113 and in VR93: Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference on Virtual Reality, London, April 1993. London: Meckler Ltd. pp. 101-02.

Satava, Richard M. 1993. Virtual Reality Surgical Simulator: The First Steps. Surgical Endoscopy 7: 203-205 and in VR93: Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference on Virtual Reality, London, April 1993. London: Meckler Ltd. pp. 103-05.

Satava, Richard M. 1995. Medicine 2001: The King Is Dead. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 334-39.

Satava, Richard M. 1994. Medicine 2001: The King Is Dead. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 1-14.

Satava, Richard M. 1994. Force Refection and Tactile Input for Virtual Environments. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. p. 21.

Satava, Richard M., Karen Morgan, Hans B. Sieburg, Rudy Mattheus, and Jens P. Christensen. 1995. Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press.

Schaaf, Brian E. 1994. Virtual Reality, Inc. Demonstrates MIS Viewing System. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 58-59.

Schaitzberg, Steve. 1995. 3D or Not 3D, That Is the Question. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Schnepf, James A., David H. C. Du, Russell Ritenour, and Aaron J. Fahrmann. 1995. Building Future Medical Education Environments over ATM Networks. Communications of the ACM 38, 2 (February): 54-69.

Sellberg, Michael, Daniel Murray, Darren Knapp, Todd Teske, Katherine Lattie, and Martin Vanderploeg. 1995. Virtual HumanTM: An Automated Virtual Environment for Computer-Aided Instruction and Biomechanical Analysis. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 340-48.

SensAble Devices Inc. 1995. The PHANToM: Force Reflecting Haptic Interface. Cambridge, MA: SensAble Devices, Inc.

Shapshay, Stanley M. and Michail M. Pankratov. 1994. Applications of VR in Sndoscopic Sinus Surgery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 68-69.

Shelley, Devin. 1994. Anatomically Accurate 3D Data: Producing the Staple So That You Can Concentrate on the Meal. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 92-94.

Sheridan, Tom. 1995. Human-Computer Cooperation in Tele-Surgery. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Siegel, Christine S. 1994. Creating 3D Models from Medical Images Using AVS. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 169-71.

Siwoff, Ronald. 1994. Virtual Reality and Visual Disability. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 104-07.

Smith, C. Daniel. 1995. Integration of VR Surgical Simulator into General Surgery Resident Training Program. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Song, Gyeong-Jae and Narender P. Reddy. 1995. Tissue Cutting in Virtual Environments. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 359-64.

Sorenson, H. Barbara. 1995. Decision Support Systems and Training in a VRE (USAF, Armstrong Lab). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

SRI International Medical Technology Laboratory. 1994. Telepresence Surgery: Remote Surgery for Civilian and Defense Use. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International.

Stevens, Jane E. 1995. Flights into Virtual Reality Treating Real-World Disorders. Washington Post, (27 March): A3.

Stipp, David. 1994. 'Phantom' Simulates Wielding a Scalpel, Tossing a Ball. The Wall Street Journal, (August 23): B1 & B6.

Strauch, Berish, Michael Ferder, Robert D. Goldstein, and Ami Glicksman. 1995. Three-Dimensional Imaging in Microvascular Surgery. Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 34-35.

Stubbs, Jack B. 1995. Surgical Simulation: User Interface Technologies (Ethicon Endo-Surgery). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Sukthankar, Sujat M. and Narender P. Reddy. 1995. Force Feedback Issues in Minimally Invasive Surgery. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 375-79.

Return to Top of Bibliography

T -

Tanir, Oryal and Suleyman Sevinc. 1994. Defining Requirements for a Standard Simulation Environment. IEEE Computer 27, 2 (February): 28-34.

Taubes, Gary. 1994. Surgery in Cyberspace. Discover Magazine (December): 84-94.

Thimbleby, Harold. 1994. Technological Hubris. Computing & Control Engineering Journal 5, 5 (October): 229-34.

Torma, Michael J. 1994. Surgical Telepresence and Virtual Reality Applications for a Healthcare System. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 61-62.

Return to Top of Bibliography

U , V, W -

Wagner, Ginny. 1995. As Grant Comes to a Close, Iowa Ponders Future of DS-3 Telemedicine Network. Healthcare Telecom Report: The Newsletter of Communications and Information Systems Solutions (Germantown, MD) 3,12 (June 5): 1-4.

Wang, Yulun. 1995. The Concept and Need for Solo-Surgery (Computer Motion, Inc.). In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Wang, Yulun. 1995. A Clinical Examination of Robotics in Surgery. Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 36-38.

Warner, D., T. Anderson, and J. Johanson. 1994. Bio-Cybernetics: A Biologically Responsive Interactive Interface -- the Next Paradigm of Human Computer Interaction. In Proceedings of Medicine and Virtual Reality, San Diego, CA . pp. 237-41.

Wickelgren, Ingrid. 1995. Medicine: Touchy-Feely Robot. Popular Science 247, 1 (July): 21.

Williams et al. 1993. Predictors of Laparoscopic Complications After Formal Training in Laparoscopic Surgery. Journal of the American Medical Association 270, 22: 2689-92.

Williams, Frederick and Mary Moore. 1994. Telemedicine: Its Place on the Information Highway. In Impact: How IC2 Research Affects Public Policy and Business Markets. August 1994. (Internet)

Return to Top of Bibliography

X, Y, Z -

Zamorano, Lucia. 1995. Interactive Image Guided Neurosurgery and Functional Mapping. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine and Developers' Expo, June 1-4, 1995, Cambridge Center Marriott, MA. (Pending)

Zamorano, Lucia, Zhaowei Jiang, William I. Grosky, Majeed Kadi, and Fernando Diaz. 1995. Telepresence and Virtual Reality in Computer-Assisted Neurosurgery: Basic Theory and a Prototype. Journal of Medicine and Virtual Reality 1, 1 (Spring): 54-59.

Zamorano, Lucia, Zhaowei Jiang, William I. Grosky, Majeed Kadi, and Fernando Diaz. 1994. Tele-Presence and Virtual Reality in Computer-Assisted Neurological Surgery: Basic Theory and Prototype. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 63-66.

Zerkus, Mike, Bill Becker, Jon Ward, and Lars Halvorsen. 1994. Temperature Feedback in Virtual Reality Systems. In Proceedings: Virtual Reality in Medicine -- the Cutting Edge, September 8-11, 1994, New York City. New York: Sig-Advanced Applications, Inc. pp. 141-46.

Zwern, Arthur L. and Michael R. Clark. 1995. Virtual Computer Monitor for Visually Impaired Users. In Interactive Technology and the New Paradigm for Healthcare. Washington, DC: IOS Press. pp. 406-14.
Return to Top of Bibliography

Return to NII Home Page
Return to OVRT Home Page